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Vicia cracca,
Tufted Vetch, Bird Vetch, Cow Vetch, Canada pea

Scientific name:  Vicia cracca L.
English name:  Tufted Vetch, Bird Vetch, Cow Vetch, Canada pea
Family:  Fabaceae, Pea family

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Life form:  Perennial climbing vine
Stems:  Limp, climbing, branched, bristly, glabrous–short-haired
Leaves:  5 to 12 pairs of opposite leaflets with an apical tendril. Apex of each leaflet pointed
Flowers:  Purple, violet flowers in long racemes
Flowering Period:  June, July, August
Fruits:  10–25 mm long, flattish, glabrous, brown, 1-parted, 4–8-seeded legume
Habitat:  Road verges, hedgerows, river banks, scrubby grassland, borders of woodlands

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Derivation of the botanical name:
Vicia the classical Latin name for vetch.
cracca Latin name applied by Rivinius to this plant, the Italian name Cracca and French name Vesce craque.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

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