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Teucrium canadense, Teucrium boreale,
Canada germander, American germander, Germander,
Hairy germander, Wood sage

Scientific name:  Teucrium canadense L.
Synonym name:  Teucrium boreale E.P. Bicknell
Common name:   Canada germander, American germander, Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage
Family:  Lamiaceae, Mint Family

Teucrium canadense, Canada germander, American germander, Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage

Life form:  Rhizomatous perennial
Stems:  To about 3 feet tall; 4-sided, hairy stem that is rarely branched
Leaves:  Opposite, lanceolate, sharply pointed; on petioles, with sharp or rounded teeth
Inflorescence:  Terminal and lateral racemes
Flowers:  Lavender-pink flowers
Fruits / pods:  Nutlets, each flower, four rounded yellowish-brown seeds with scattered white hairs
Flowering Period:   May, June, July, August
Habitat:  Thickets, woods, shores

Teucrium canadense, Canada germander, American germander,Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage


Derivation of the botanical name:
Teucrium, Greek teukrion, probably named for Teucer (Τεῦκρος, Teukros), the son of King Telamon of Salamis and his second wife Hesione, daughter of King Laomedon of Troy. He fought alongside his half-brother, Ajax, in the Trojan War and is the legendary founder of the city Salamis on Cyprus.
canadense, Canadian.
boreale, Latin boreālis, northern; pertaining to the north.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation E.P. Bicknell is used to indicate Eugene Pintard Bicknell (1859 – 1925), a US botanist and ornithologist.
Germander can be distinguished from similar plants in the mint family by having three sepals that stand up above the flower.


 
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