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Mentha piperita, Mentha dumetorum, Mentha crispa, Mentha aquatica, Peppermint

Scientific name:  Mentha piperita L.
Synonym name:  Mentha dumetorum Schult., Mentha crispa, L.,Mentha aquatica L. var. crispa (L.) Benth.
Common name:  Peppermint
Family:  Lamiaceae, Mint family

Mentha piperita, Mentha dumetorum, Mentha crispa, Mentha aquatica, Peppermint

Life form:  Perennial forb
Stems:  12–35 in (30–90 cm) tall; square, smooth stems
Leaves:  Opposite, lanceolate to oblong, soft, sharply toothed
Inflorescence:  Flowers in whorls (verticillasters) around the stem, forming thick, blunt spikes
Flowers:  Purple four-lobed corolla
Fruits / pods:  Nutlet
Flowering Period:  June, July, August, September, October
Habitat:  Marshes, ditches, brooksides, wet meadows

Mentha piperita, Mentha dumetorum, Mentha crispa, Mentha aquatica, Peppermint


Derivation of the botanical name:
Mentha, the Latin name for mint was borrowed from Greek minthe μίνθη, whose origin is unknown. According to a myth retold by Ovid (43 BCE - 17 CE), a Roman poet, the name origanated in the transformation of the nymph Menthe or Minthe into the plant by Prosperina (Persephone). The explanation of Pliny (23 - 79 CE) is that the plant was originally called mintha by the Greeks, but because of the sweetness of its odor, the name was changed to mentha, the source of Latin menta. By this he clearly means that μίνθα inevitable suggested μίνθος "dung," and the incongruity of the association led to a change of spelling, since mint was fragrant.
piperita, Latin, like a pepper, referring to the peppery and pungent taste.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Schult. is used to indicate Josef (Joseph) August Schultes (1773 - 1831) , an Austrian botanist and professor from Vienna.

Mentha piperita, Mentha dumetorum, Mentha crispa, Mentha aquatica, Peppermint


 
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