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Chelidonium majus, Greater celandine, Common Celandine, Garden Celandine

Scientific name:  Chelidonium majus L.
Common name:  Greater celandine, Common Celandine, Garden Celandine
Family:  Papaveraceae, Poppy family

Chelidonium majus, Greater celandine, Common Celandine, Garden Celandine

Life form:  Herbaceous perennial
Stems:   30-80 cm (11-31 in.) Round, slightly hairy, much branched
Leaves:  Basal rosette, pinnate with lobed and wavy-edged margins
Inflorescence:  Loose umbels at the end of stems
Flowers:  4 obovate to oblong yellow petals
Fruits / pods:  Long pods; blackish seeds
Flowering Period:  May to June
Habitat:  Fields and open areas

Chelidonium majus, Greater celandine, Common Celandine, Garden Celandine


Derivation of the botanical name:
Chelidonium, Greek khelidon, swallow, from the folklore the swallows return to nest in spring when it is flowering.
majus, larger.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

Chelidonium majus, Greater celandine, Common Celandine, Garden Celandine


 
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